For this coming weekend, the Met Office is issuing the following Level 2 heatwave warning across England:
Heatwaves can be dangerous, especially for the very young or very old or those with chronic disease. Advice on how to reduce the risk either for yourself or somebody you know can be obtained from The Heatwave Plan for England, NHS 111 or from your local GP”
During a heatwave, temperatures which remain abnormally high over more than a couple of days can prove fatal. The rise in mortality, especially amongst older people, follows very sharply after the rise in temperature which contrasts with deaths associated with cold snaps in winter. This means that, by the time a heatwave starts, the window of opportunity for effective action is very short, therefore preparedness is essential.
As a result, we advise you to support us in protecting the population from heat-related harm to health by giving advice and guidance seen below:
Check on others
Check on older people or sick neighbours, family or friends every day during hot weather. [+ You may need to do things differently this year, remember that+ |]+ while COVID-19 restrictions are in place, any additional government guidance will need to be followed+. Government guidance is set to change in phases, keep up to date with restrictions by checking the government COVID-19 homepage.
Stay hydrated – drink plenty of fluids and avoid excess alcohol. Keeping hydrated will be especially important for people who are unwell with coronavirus (COVID-19) infection and managing their symptoms at home. If you need to travel, ensure you take water with you.
Avoid extreme physical exertion. If you cannot avoid strenuous outdoor activity, such as sport, DIY or gardening, keep it for cooler parts of the day – for example, in the early morning or evening.
Keeping the home cool
Keep your environment cool: keeping your living space cool is especially important for those who need to stay at home this summer.
Shade or cover windows exposed to direct sunlight and keep windows that are exposed to the sun closed during the day. External shutters or shades are very effective, while internal blinds or curtains are less effective. Care should be taken with metal blinds and dark curtains, as these can absorb heat.
If possible and safe, open windows at night if it feels cooler outside.
Turn off non-essential lights and electrical equipment – they generate heat.
During the hottest periods find the coolest part of your home or garden/outside or local green space to sit in. If going outdoors, use cool spaces considerately – remember that while COVID-19 restrictions are in place, you will need to follow any additional government guidance. Remember, if you are required to stay at home (e.g. because you have COVID-19 infection or have been advised to self-isolate as a contact) then you should not use public spaces.
On car journeys
Ensure that babies, children, or older people are not left alone in parked cars, which can quickly overheat.
Look out for the signs of heat-related harm
If you feel dizzy, weak or have intense thirst and headache, move to a cool place as soon as possible. Drink some water or diluted fruit juice to rehydrate, avoid excess alcohol.
If you have painful muscular spasms (particularly in the legs, arms or abdomen, for example after sustained exercise during very hot weather), rest immediately in a cool place and drink electrolyte drinks. Most people should start to recover within 30 mins and if not, they should seek medical help. Call 111 if you feel unusual symptoms, or if symptoms persist.
Call 999 if a person develops any signs of heatstroke as this is a medical emergency. Further information on heatstroke and heat-related illness are available here.
Enjoy the water safely
During warm weather going for a swim can provide much welcomed relief.
Remember that while COVID-19 restrictions are in place, you will need to follow any additional government guidance to use public spaces safely.
Take care and follow local safety advice if you are going into the water to cool down.
Try to keep out of the sun between 11am and 3pm, when UV radiation is strongest.
If you must go out in the heat, wear UV sunglasses, preferably wraparound, to reduce UV exposure to the eyes, walk in the shade, apply sunscreen of at least SPF15 with UVA protection and wear a hat. Wear light, loose-fitting cotton clothes. This should reduce the risk of sunburn.
You may wish to download and use the resources from Public Health England Resource Centre here www.campaignresources.phe.gov.uk.